The thyroid gland is located in the front of the neck. The gland is also known as Adam's apple beside the front side of the windpipe. The gland wings are known lobes that are linked by a bridge. Various hormones are secreted by the gland that is known as thyroid glands. If the thyroid gland over secretes, also known as Hyperthyroidism or under secretes hormones, also known as Hypothyroidism, leads to various disorders, including Graves' disease, thyroid nodules, and Goitre.
Congenital Hypothyroidism- This thyroid disorder is mainly seen in kids born without a thyroid gland or a weak functioning thyroid gland. If the problem isn't treated on time, it can lead to the brain's low development. Doctors can treat this problem by giving thyroid hormone replacement once a day.
Acquired Hypothyroidism- The disorder occurs mainly in kids due to Auto Antibodies that attack the child. It leads to a reduction in thyroxine production. If the condition isn't treated on time, it can affect the child's height. Thyroxine replacement treatment is given once a day.
Hyperthyroidism and groves' disease- Under this disease, the thyroid gland produces excess hormones than required. The disorder is treated with anti-thyroid medication that prevents excess hormone secretion.
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